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pasal 12 huruf f.p.p. No. 9/ 1975 

SURAT PERSETUJUAN 



(YA) 



Yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini, kami: 

I. Calon suami: . 

1 . Nama lengkap dan aliasnya 

2. Bin 

3. Tempat dan tanggal lahir 

4. Kewarganegaraan 

5. Agama 

6. Pekerjaan 

7. Tempat tinggal 

8. Tanda-tanda istimewa 

II. Calon isteri: 

1. Nama lengkap dan aliasnya 

2. Binti 

3. Tempat dan tanggal lahir 

4. Kewarganegaraan 

5. Agama 

6. Pekerjaan 

7. Tempat tinggal 

8. Tanda-tanda istimewa 



Menyatakan dengan sesungguhnya, bahwa atas dasar sukarela, tanpa adanya tekan- 
an ataupun paksaan dari manapun juga, setuju untuk melangsungkan pemikahan. 

Demikianlah, surat pernyataan ini dibuay dengan kesadaran dan dapat dipergunakan 
di mana periu. ___ . _ — ?-// J)j fl ^r 5 * 




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(V\y) ipJLaJ Z;fi\^-\j l^ai i-.lji 



Summary of the Study 



"Orti Marrige" between Islamic legislation and Regulations 



A Jurisprudential, Social, Critical Study. 



Presented by: 
Investigator: Abdul Malik Y. Al-Mutlaq 

Supervised by: 

Prof. Ali Mohammad Lagha 
D. Abdul Majeed A. Addarweesh 



ip-jUj v^uji ioyji S5aj,i j^-b jyji ^ij^i (33J) 



The study aimed to explain tbe meaning of "Orfi marrige" through 
answering these questions : 

1- What is the concept and reality of "Orfi marrige" in the society? 

2- What is the attitude of the law and regulations towards this marrige? 

3- What is the extent of social acceptance and refusal towards this marrige? 

4- What are the consequences of this marrige on the family and society? 

The study was presented through an introduction and four chapters : 

The first chapter was about studying the word "family" and it's relationship 
with the society. It is obvious that marrige is approved by the Holy Qura'an, the 
Sunnah, the consensus and the logic. Marrige has a lot of aims and intentions in 
the Islamic legislation. The most important of these aims is to keep safe and 
reserve the generation. The chapter also explains that "multiplying" ( Ji *J) is a 
mores from the prophets { peace be upon them } and that Prophet Mohammad 
and his honored companions multiplyed in marrige. An other issue is that 
marrige infact depends on the person himself and not on a certain or ideal age. 
Whenever a person desires to get married and is able to bear the costs and 
burdens of marrige, he is in the ideal age to do so. 

It is also apparent that parents either have positive or negative effect on 
children, and that the injunction of obeying the father in this matter depends on 
considered advantage. Sheikh Ibn Tamiyah has illustrated this matter. Marrige 
cannot be legitimate if it does not consist certain elements and conditions. In 
addition, Jurisprudents have agreed to the matter that approval and acceptance 
are the basic elements of marrige. But they differed in the matters of the gardian, 
tbe witnesses, the announcement, the dowry, the approval and the suitability. 
Some counted them as conditions and others counted them as elements. 

Thereafter, the conditions associated with the marrige contract were 
discussed as well as the fact that there are conditions which must be fulfilled even 
though they have not been mentioned in the marrige contract. There are also 
addle conditions that deprave the contract and others which do not. 

In the seeond chapter, the term "Orfi marrige" ( conventional marrige ) has 
been defined. The fact mentioned is that "Orfi marrige" has many types and 
forms such as marrige through tattoo figures, cassettes, stamps, blood and so on. 
In addition, "Orfi marrige" has been refered to as the marrige of the wealthy, 
stars, famous, company for the old and so on. 

The difference between legitimate marrige which fulfills the basic elements 
and conditions according to Islamic jurisprudents, and the usual formal marrige 
is legalization. After that, is a discussion about the consequences and future 
results which follow the marrige. 

The reasons behind the development and spread of "Orfi marrige" have been 
mentioned as well as the fact that this kind of marrige is old and new in the 
society at the same time. It appeared for many reasons such as the large number 
of maidens, divorced and widows. Some men want pleasure but with abstinence. 
The formal wife in marrige refuses the idea of "multiplicity", as well as the high 
costs of marrige and so on. 

In the third chapter, "Orfi marrige" has been compared with similar types of 
marriges. The first step was to compare "Orfi marrige" with the common 
marrige to be familiar with it. After that, it was compared to lawful marrige and 



®> 



i JJjj k^^^-lj i&ai iv»lji 



the difference between them is mentioned. Although the lawful kind of marrige 
has the same contact as the legitimate ( which fulfills the basic elements and 
conditions according to Islamic jurisprudents ), there is a jural script which 
deprives it as well as the other kinds of temporary marriges such as : "Misyar" ( 
jL— Jl jljj) which is_ based on visiting the wife and not living permanently 
together, "Muta'a" ( ^1*11 e'jj ) which aim is for pleasure, "Sirree" ( <j>- jrljj ) 
which is meant to be a secret, "Khateefah" 

( -UJaiJI e'jj ) elopment and "Niyat attalaq" ( JSUtJl A& E ljj ) marrige with the 
intension of divorce. The latest is the most relevant kind to "Orfi marrige". Lots 
of people travel to Arabian countries for touring and a result is having this 
marrige. There is also "civic marrige" which is based on a contract between a 
man and woman without any consideration to religion or anything else. It is an 
out-cast that does not believe in the inviolability of a suckling sister! There are 
"daily" and "nightly" marriges and finally, "friend marriges" which caused a big 
stir in the Islamic world because it imitates the idea of boyfriends and girlfriends 
that permits friendship and sexual freedom. This marrige is considered to be a 
deliquescence of concepts and values which suggests that we are imitative to the 
west even in names! 

Although his eminence, Sheikh AbdulMajeed Azzindani had an opinion about 
this kind of marrige, it had an effect in some Arabian countries such as Morroco 
where people believed that the Sheikh's idea substitutes forbidden relationships. 

The fourth chapter discussed the observation of authorization between 
doctrines. It is forbidden to do so in order to follow desire. Most who get 
married "Orfi" follow the Hanqfi rite even if there are not regular followers to it. 
The meaning is the easiness to engage a woman from herself. 

There are many points mentioned in this chapter, such as the lawful and 
jurdical punishmentfollowing unlegalization, some of the advantages and 
disadvantagesof this type of marrige, and that if we all rejected the mockery 
costs of the formal marrige, we will protect our society from these exotic 
marriges which are companied with perversion and disclaim from family 
responsibilities. 

"Orfi marrige" could be followed by a lot of corruptive issues, for example, 
taking advantage of it by some men and women to achieve suspecious purposes. 
"Orfi marrige" should be forbidden to protect honor and maintain contracts. 
Although this has a legitimate contract, it goes againts a lot of marrige provisions 
and means which were put by the Islamic law. And if the marrige was not based 
on the law's conditions and regulations, there is no doubt that it is forbiddeneven 
if it was formally legalized. 

The most important study results were : 
1- That even though some kinds of the "Orfi marrige" matched the Islamic law, 
it generally undervalues rights and morals, and going downgrade with it is what 
the enemies of the Islamic nation desire. Over than that, forbidding "Orfi 
marrige" without finding a sub is considered a worthless solution. Allah the 
Mighty forbidded adultery and engendered legitimate marrige instead. 

If emenders do not disable and defeat the problems and contemporary 
challenges of marrige plus what accompanies it, actuality would be as if either to 
get married "Orfi" [ or any similar marrige e.g "with intention of divorce") or 
fornication would spread? 



>4>- jU-j ii^jjwJl isiyJl i£JUll J>-ta jyJI HjjJl 



2- The existence of "Orfi marrige" iD the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. For 
example, marrying house maids or marrige between a Saudi woman and a 
foreigner. The unnecessary need of contracts, satisfies us with "Orfi marrige". 
There is proof that this marrige has spread and not only exists in Eygpt or 
Indonesia. Perhaps it crept into the Kingdom and the Gulf countries through 
housemaids because of what they have resulted from marrying Saudis and Gulf 
citizens in general in their countries. 

The study recommended the necessity of proceeding scientific and sociological 
studies concerning "Orfi marrige" as well as connected matters, for example : 

1- Studying the consequences of "Orfi marrige" on women's mental and 
personal adjustments. 

2- Studying the consequences of "Orfi marrige" on children's behavior and 
moral structure. 

3- Studying the consequences of "Orfi marrige" on the formal marrige and 
the extent of danger to it. 

4- Studying the consequences of "Orfi marrige" on the behavior of the house 
maid with the Saudi family. 



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